History of the Supreme Court to today
from spudart.org

With Sandra Day O'Connor retiring, everyone is freaking out about how George W. Bush gets to appoint a new Supreme Court Justice. But c'mon people, it's about time we get a new justice. The last one chosen was in 1994--nine years ago! The only longest appointment drought was from 1812-1823--eleven years.

Plus George W. Bush is the only two-term president who hasn't made a court appiontment yet. There's only been four presidents who have not made a Supreme Court appointment:

Here's graph featuring the complete listing of all the associate and chief justices on the Supreme Court of America. And a pdf version. You can leave comments on this page.



Name Residence at time
of appointment
President Appointed by Date of Service
Chief Justices
John Jay New York George Washington 1789-1795
John Rutledge South Carolina George Washington 1795
Oliver Ellsworth Connecticut George Washington 1796-1800
John Marshall Virginia John Adams 1801-1835
Roger Taney Maryland Andrew Jackson 1836-1864
Salmon P. Chase Ohio Abraham Lincoln 1864-1873
Morrison Waite Ohio Ulysses Grant 1874-1888
Melville Fuller Illinois Grover Cleveland 1888-1910
Edward Douglass White Louisiana William Taft 1910-1921
William Taft Connecticut Warren Harding 1921-1930
Charles Evans Hughes New York Herbert Hoover 1930-1941
Harlan Fiske Stone New York Franklin Roosevelt 1941-1946
Fred Vinson Kentucky Harry Truman 1946-1953
Earl Warren California Dwight Eisenhower 1953-1969
Warren Burger Virginia Richard Nixon 1969-1986
William Rehnquist Virginia Ronald Reagan 1986-
Associate Justices
William Cushing Massachusetts George Washington 1790-1810
John Rutledge South Carolina George Washington 1790-1791
James Wilson Pennsylvania George Washington 1789-1798
John Blair, Jr. Virginia George Washington 1790-1795
James Iredell North Carolina George Washington 1790-1799
Thomas Johnson Maryland George Washington 1792-1793
William Paterson New Jersey George Washington 1793-1806
Samuel Chase Maryland George Washington 1796-1811
Bushrod Washington Virginia John Adams 1799-1829
Alfred Moore North Carolina John Adams 1800-1804
William Johnson South Carolina Thomas Jefferson 1804-1834
Henry Brockholst Livingston New York Thomas Jefferson 1807-1823
Thomas Todd Kentucky Thomas Jefferson 1807-1826
Gabriel Duvall Maryland James Madison 1811-1835
Joseph Story Massachusetts James Madison 1812-1845
Smith Thompson New York James Monroe 1823-1843
Robert Trimble Kentucky John Quincy Adams 1826-1828
John McLean Ohio Andrew Jackson 1830-1861
Henry Baldwin Pennsylvania Andrew Jackson 1830-1844
James Wayne Georgia Andrew Jackson 1835-1867
Philip Barbour Virginia Andrew Jackson 1836-1841
John Catron Tennessee Martin Van Buren 1837-1865
John McKinley Alabama Martin Van Buren 1838-1852
Peter Daniel Virginia Martin Van Buren 1842-1860
Samuel Nelson New York John Tyler 1845-1872
Levi Woodbury New Hampshire James Polk 1845-1851
Robert Grier Pennsylvania James Polk 1846-1870
Benjamin Curtis Massachusetts Millard Fillmore 1851-1857
John Campbell Alabama Franklin Pierce 1853-1861
Nathan Clifford Maine James Buchanan 1858-1881
Noah Swayne Ohio Abraham Lincoln 1862-1881
Samuel Miller Iowa Abraham Lincoln 1862-1890
David Davis Illinois Abraham Lincoln 1862-1877
Stephen Field California Abraham Lincoln 1863-1897
William Strong Pennsylvania Ulysses Grant 1870-1880
Joseph Bradley New Jersey Ulysses Grant 1870-1892
Ward Hunt New York Ulysses Grant 1873-1882
John Marshall Harlan Kentucky Rutherford Hayes 1877-1911
William Woods Georgia Rutherford Hayes 1881-1887
Stanley Matthews Ohio James Garfield 1881-1889
Horace Gray Massachusetts Chester Arthur 1882-1902
Samuel Blatchford New York Chester Arthur 1882-1893
Lucius Lamar Mississippi Grover Cleveland 1888-1893
David Brewer Kansas Benjamin Harrison 1890-1910
Henry Brown Michigan Benjamin Harrison 1891-1906
George Shiras, Jr. Pennsylvania Benjamin Harrison 1892-1903
Howell Jackson Tennessee Benjamin Harrison 1893-1895
Edward Douglass White Louisiana Grover Cleveland 1894-1910
Rufus Peckham New York Grover Cleveland 1896-1909
Joseph McKenna California William McKinley 1898-1925
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. Massachusetts Theodore Roosevelt 1902-1932
William Day Ohio Theodore Roosevelt 1903-1922
William Moody Massachusetts Theodore Roosevelt 1906-1910
Horace Lurton Tennessee William Taft 1910-1914
Charles Evans Hughes New York William Taft 1910-1916
Willis Van Devanter Wyoming William Taft 1911-1937
Joseph Lamar Georgia William Taft 1911-1916
Mahlon Pitney New Jersey William Taft 1912-1922
James McReynolds Tennessee Woodrow Wilson 1914-1941
Louis Brandeis Massachusetts Woodrow Wilson 1916-1939
John Clarke Ohio Woodrow Wilson 1916-1922
George Sutherland Utah Warren Harding 1922-1938
Pierce Butler Minnesota Warren Harding 1923-1939
Edward Sanford Tennessee Warren Harding 1923-1930
Harlan Fiske Stone New York Calvin Coolidge 1925-1941
Owen Roberts Pennsylvania Herbert Hoover 1930-1945
Benjamin Cardozo New York Herbert Hoover 1932-1938
Hugo Black Alabama Franklin Roosevelt 1937-1971
Stanley Reed Kentucky Franklin Roosevelt 1938-1957
Felix Frankfurter Massachusetts Franklin Roosevelt 1939-1962
William Douglas Connecticut Franklin Roosevelt 1939-1975
Frank Murphy Michigan Franklin Roosevelt 1940-1949
James F. Byrnes South Carolina Franklin Roosevelt 1941-1942
Robert Jackson New York Franklin Roosevelt 1941-1954
Wiley Rutledge Iowa Franklin Roosevelt 1943-1949
Harold Burton Ohio Harry Truman 1945-1958
Tom Clark Texas Harry Truman 1949-1967
Sherman Minton Indiana Harry Truman 1949-1956
John Marshall Harlan New York Dwight Eisenhower 1955-1971
William J. Brennan, Jr. New Jersey Dwight Eisenhower 1956-1990
Charles Whittaker Missouri Dwight Eisenhower 1957-1962
Potter Stewart Ohio Dwight Eisenhower 1958-1981
Byron White Colorado John Kennedy 1962-1993
Arthur Goldberg Illinois John Kennedy 1962-1965
Abe Fortas Tennessee Lyndon Johnson 1965-1969
Thurgood Marshall New York Lyndon Johnson 1967-1991
Harry Blackmun Minnesota Richard Nixon 1970-1994
Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Virginia Richard Nixon 1972-1987
William Rehnquist Arizona Richard Nixon 1972-19862
John Paul Stevens Illinois Gerald Ford 1975-
Sandra Day O'Connor Arizona Ronald Reagan 1981-
Antonin Scalia Virginia Ronald Reagan 1986-
Anthony Kennedy California Ronald Reagan 1988-
David Souter New Hampshire George Bush 1990-
Clarence Thomas Georgia George Bush 1991-
Ruth Bader Ginsburg New York Bill Clinton 1993-
Stephen Breyer Massachusetts Bill Clinton 1994-


Congress determines the number of justices on the Court. There have been nine justices on the Court since 1869. There were originally six until 1807 when a seventh justice was added. In 1837 an eighth and ninth were added with a tenth in 1863. The Judicial Circuits Act of 1866 called for the removal of three seats as justices retired. This act was passed to deny President Andrew Johnson from making any Supreme Court appointments. One seat was removed in 1866 and a second in 1867. Before a third seat was removed, the Congress passed the Circuit Judges Act of 1869 restoring the number of seats to nine. Since 1869, the Court has been kept at nine, both for political reasons as well as practical necessity. Subsequent attempts to change the number of justices have been rejected.

The last notable attempt to alter the number of justices was on February 5, 1937 when President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed an increase in the size of the Court to fifteen justices, one additional seat for each justice over age 70, to deal with a Court overturning of Roosevelt's New Deal legislation. Many politicians at the time and historians since scorned this plan to "pack the court". The proposal failed on July 22 when the United States Senate voted against it.

Sources:
• U.S. Supreme Court Justices on MSN Encarta
• Presidents of the United States on whitehouse.gov
• Supreme Court on wikipedia.